On 3rd August 1895, Nafeesa Keep based in Liverpool, England wrote a letter to Sultan Abdulhamid II. The contents of the letter can be read in the book ‘Islam in Victorian Liverpool: An Ottoman Account of Britain’s First Mosque Community’ by Yusuf Samih Asmay. What is interesting about this letter is the official path it took, and the various state institutions (ajhizat) it passed through before reaching the Caliph. The letter took approximately three weeks to reach Abdulhamid.
|3 August 1895||Nafeesa’s initial letter to the Ottoman Consul General, Ottoman Consulate, Liverpool UK|
|6 August 1895||Consul General of Liverpool forwards letter to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Ottoman Empire in modern day Turkey|
|19 August 1895||The Minister of Foreign Affairs forwards the letter to the Grand Vizier|
|23 August 1895||The Grand Vizier then sends the letter to the Sultan Abdulhamid|
Source: Yusuf Samih Asmay, ‘Islam in Victorian Liverpool: An Ottoman Account of Britain’s First Mosque Community’