In Surah Ali ‘Imran verse 104 Allah (ta’ala) says, وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌۭ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى ٱلْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنكَرِ ۚ وَأُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْمُفْلِحُونَ “Let there be a group (ummah) among you who call ˹others˺ to goodness, encourage what is good, and forbid what is evil—it is they who will be successful.” In this translation by Dr. Mustafa Khattab, أُمَّةٌ (ummah) is translated as group, so the command is to establish a group or groups who perform the three duties of calling to good (al-khair), enjoining good (al-ma’ruf) and forbidding evil (al-munkar).
There are many verses in the Holy Qur’an which oblige Muslims to judge and rule by the sharia. Three of these verses contain commands which are identical except for their endings, which is why the mufasireen (interpreters of the Qur’an) linked them together. Allah (ta’ala) says in Surah al-Ma’ida verses 44, 45 and 47,
The following is based on a translation of Dr Fadhel al Samarrai’s Tafseer of Surah Quraysh. Translation courtesy of Abu Yusuf. لِإِيلَافِ قُرَيْشٍ ﴿١﴾ إِيلَافِهِمْ رِحْلَةَ الشِّتَاءِ وَالصَّيْفِ ﴿٢﴾ فَلْيَعْبُدُوا رَبَّ هَٰذَا الْبَيْتِ ﴿٣﴾ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ (1) For the accustomed security of the Quraysh – (2) Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer – (3) Let them worship the Lord of this House, (4) Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear. Introduction The connection between this chapter and the chapter before, Sura Al-Fil, is obvious. The owners of the elephants (أَصْحَـٰبِ ٱلْفِيلِ) came to Makkah because of the house of Allah, the Ka’bah. Allah ﷻ preserved and honoured His house, and protected Quraysh by destroying the army of the elephants. He protected the house and provided security and well-being to the people of Quraysh. In Bahr Al-Muheet, Abu Hayan says: إذْ لَوْ سُلِّطَ عَلَيْهِمْ أصْحابُ الفِيلِ لَتَشَتَّتُوا في البِلادِ والأقالِيمِ، ولَمْ تَجْتَمِعْ لَهم كَلِمَةٌ البحر المحيط لأبي حيان — …
BY ABU YUSUF الٓمٓ غُلِبَتِ ٱلرُّومُ “Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated” (Ar-Rum, 30:1-2) Most commentators of the Qur’an when explaining this verse mention that the Muslims were hoping for the Romans to be victorious over the Persians, because the Romans were people of the Book whereas the Persians were mushrikeen like Quraish.
by Ustadh Abu Yusuf An audio series explaining Surah al-Fatiha
by Ustadh Abu Yusuf An explanation of صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
In surah an-Nur, Allah (Most High) promises the believers that He will certainly establish them in the land لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ, which is good news promising the establishment of a Khilafah which will implement Islam and change the fear Muslims are living in nowadays to one of security. Allah (Most High) says:
by Ustadh Abu Yusuf An explanation of اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
The NY Times has published leaked government documents revealing how Chinese leader, Xi Jinping said “show absolutely no mercy” in the detention of millions of Muslims who are held in concentration camps in East Turkestan and forced to renounce their religion.
by Ustadh Abu Yusuf An explanation of إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ