Author: islamciv

History of the Islamic State’s Institutions – Volume 1

Download History of the Islamic State’s Institutions – Volume 1 Introduction The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ established the first Islamic State in Medina with a distinct structure (ajhizaat) that continued with its main pillars until 1924. Although the styles (usloob) and means (waseelah) related to each of the institutions evolved over time, the hukm (rule) remained fixed. In the beginning the Prophet ﷺ took charge of most of these ajhizaat himself. As the state expanded, he ﷺ assigned different sahaba to specific roles. The main elements (jihaz) of this structure must be implemented because they form a fixed method (tareeqa) and not simply optional subsidiary rules or styles (usloob) which change according to the circumstances. As with all Islamic rules the general rules are specified in the Holy Qur’an and elaborated in the sunnah through the actions, sayings and silence of the Messenger ﷺ. Allah (Most High) says, لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for …

“Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive”

Allah (Most High) warns those who do oppression that they cannot escape justice, since He is أَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ “the most decisive of judges”, وَسَيَعلَمُ الَّذينَ ظَلَموا أَيَّ مُنقَلَبٍ يَنقَلِبونَ “Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive!” (Ash-Shu’araa, 26:227)

Srebrenica: “The disbelievers support one another”

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ إِلَّا تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُنْ فِتْنَةٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَفَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ “The disbelievers support one another. If you do not do the same, there will be persecution in the land and great corruption.” (Al-Anfaal, 8:73) Europe allowed and actively supported the killing, rape and massacre of Muslims in Bosnia for one reason which was to prevent even the semblance of an Islamic authority emerging in the heart of Europe. It is this same reason which makes them turn a blind eye to the massacres in Syria, Palestine, Kashmir and China except for a few empty words. The Serbs massacred over 8000 Muslims in July 1995 after the Dutch handed them the city. Video footage shows a smiling General Mladic handing wrapped gifts to a grateful Dutch commander Col. Tom Karremans. Later Col. Karremans was photographed toasting the Serb ‘victory’ with General Mladic in Potocari, a village just outside Srebrenica. In December 2006 these ‘peacekeepers’ were awarded medals for their role in the massacre. During the Bosnian war of 1992-1995, French President Francois Mitterrand apparently told …

Srebrenica: “Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate”

وَلَا تَحْسَبَنَّ اللَّهَ غَافِلًا عَمَّا يَعْمَلُ الظَّالِمُونَ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ لِيَوْمٍ تَشْخَصُ فِيهِ الْأَبْصَارُ مُهْطِعِينَ مُقْنِعِي رُءُوسِهِمْ لَا يَرْتَدُّ إِلَيْهِمْ طَرْفُهُمْ ۖ وَأَفْئِدَتُهُمْ هَوَاءٌ “Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate. He is merely deferring them to a Day on which their sight will be transfixed, rushing headlong – heads back, eyes vacant, hearts hollow.” (Ibrahim, 14:42-43) Muslims around the world are marking the 25th anniversary of the massacre in Srebrenica. At this sombre time it’s important to remember that this horrific event could only occur due to the absence of the Khilafat State. This is a state which protects those living under its authority, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, as the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,  إِنَّمَا الإِمَامُ جُنَّةٌ “The Imam is a shield”.

INFOGRAPHIC: Military Expeditions of the Prophet ﷺ

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ established the first Islamic State in Medina with a distinct structure (ajhizaat) that continued with its pillars until 1924. The main elements (jihaz) of this structure must be implemented because they are hukm shari and not styles (usloob) or means (waseela). We can see from the seerah how the Messenger ﷺ trained the sahaba in all aspects of ruling so they could continue on this method after his ﷺ death. The army is one of the jihaz or organisations of the state. The Messenger ﷺ was the commander-in-chief so he organised the army and appointed all its commanders. He ﷺ led many of the battles directly which are known as a ghazwa while also appointing commanders of other units known as a sariya. The graphics below provide an insight in to this organisation and some key observations will be made at the end.

The Global Vision of the Early Muslims

BY ABU YUSUF الٓمٓ  غُلِبَتِ ٱلرُّومُ “Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated” (Ar-Rum, 30:1-2) Most commentators of the Qur’an when explaining this verse mention that the Muslims were hoping for the Romans to be victorious over the Persians, because the Romans were people of the Book whereas the Persians were mushrikeen like Quraish.

Leaders around the Messenger: Ubaadah ibn As-Saamit

From the first pledge of Al-Aqaba to the first naval expedition, a lifelong leader who Umar said, “is equivalent to 1000 men” وَالسَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ “And those in front–ahead indeed!”[1] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: أَصْحَابِي كَالنُّجُومِ بِأَيِّهِمْ اقْتَدَيْتُمْ اهْتَدَيْتُمْ “My companions are like stars, whichever of them you use as a guide, you will be rightly guided.”[2] The sahaba were the best generation and their diverse lives need to be studied so we can take lessons from them. Whichever characteristic we want to emulate we will find it exemplified in the sahaba. They hold qualities of bravery, chivalry, knowledge, sacrifice and leadership because they were trained by the best human being and master of the Prophets, Muhammad ﷺ. Biography of Ubaadah ibn As-Saamit Profile Married to Umm Haram, the Prophet’s ﷺ maternal aunt. A senior sahaba and one of the Naqibs of the Ansar so is included in the words of the Messenger ﷺ, “If the Ansar took their way through a valley or a mountain pass, I would take Ansar’s valley. And but …

How Ramadan times were calculated in the Ottoman era

BY ERHAN AFYONCU This has been reproduced from Daily Sabah During the tenure of Şeyhülislam Musa Kazım Efendi in the Second Constitutional Period (II Meşrutiyet), the Qadi of Istanbul and a fatwa consultant (fetva emini) came on the 28th day of the month of Ramadan to inform that a witness sighted the new crescent moon, marking the end of Ramadan.