Author: islamciv

What was the objective of the First Pledge of Al-Aqaba?

DR MUHAMMAD KHAIR HAIKAL This is an extract from his PhD thesis ‘Al-Jihad wa’l Qital fi as-Siyasa ash-Shar’iyya’ We are already aware that the meeting of the Messenger ﷺ with the Aws and the Khazraj only took place within the context of the search for the Nusrah (support) that he had been seeking from the leaders of the Arab tribes and those of a position of honour, nobility and leadership amongst them.

History of the Caliphs: Uthman bin Affan

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Uthman three times: “Oh ‘Uthman, Allah will give you a garment to wear (i.e. the caliphate), so if the hypocrites want you to shed it, do not shed it until you meet me.”[1] 1- Caliphate Term of office start Hijri 29 Dhul-Hijjah, 23 Term of office end Hijri 18 Dhul-Hijjah, 35 Term of office start Gregorian 6 November, 644 Term of office end Gregorian 17 June, 656 Term of office 12 years Capital Medina Caliph’s allowance No allowance taken because he was wealthy 2- Biography Profile An elder statesman, natural leader and close to the Messenger ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ entered upon his daughter when she was washing the head of Uthman and he said: “O my daughter, take good care of Abu Abdullah, for he is the closest of my companions to me in attitude.”[2] Period of the Caliphate Rightly Guided Caliphate Age 65 Tribe Quraysh (Banu Umayyah) Mandatory condition of Caliph: Strength of ideology Ashratul-Mubashireen (10 promised Jannah) It was narrated that ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn …

The Conquest of Constantinople: Making the impossible possible

On the authority of Abdullah bin Bishr Al-Khathami from his father that he heard the Prophet ﷺ say: لَتُفْتَحَنَّ الْقُسْطَنْطِينِيَّةُ فَلَنِعْمَ الْأَمِيرُ أَمِيرُهَا وَلَنِعْمَ الْجَيْشُ ذَلِكَ الْجَيْشُ “You will open Constantinople, its Amir is a wonderful Amir, and its army is a wonderful army.” He said, Maslama ibn Abdul Malik called for me and asked me, so I mentioned the Hadith to him so he attempted to invade Constantinople. (Narrated by Ahmad. In Mujma’ Az-Zawaa’id, in its comment it states: “Narrated by Ahmad, Al-Bazzar, Al-Tabarani and its men are trustworthy…”)

Law-making in the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab

When Umar ibn Al-Khattab was Caliph he wanted to adopt a law which would limit the Mahr for women.[1] So one day Umar delivered a khutbah[2] and said: “Do not give more than forty uqiyahs[3] in dowries to women, even if she is the daughter of Dhu al-Qissah – i.e., Yazeed ibn al-Husayn[4]. Whoever gives more than that, I will seize the extra amount and put it in the Bayt ul-mal[5].”