George Hourani, a maritime historian who has researched the early Muslim navy discusses “the problem of the earliest Arab ventures on the Mediterranean: how could they be successfully carried out in such a surprisingly short time?
Amr ibn Al-Aas was the Amir of Jihad in Egypt during the Caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab. Umar wrote a letter to Amr: “I am very surprised at how long it is taking to conquer Egypt, as you have been fighting for the last two years, unless it is because of some sins that you have committed, or you have started to love this world as your enemy does. Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, only grants victory to people who are sincere. I am sending to you four individuals, and I have told you that each one of them is equivalent to one thousand men as far as I know, unless something has changed them…”
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Uthman three times: “Oh ‘Uthman, Allah will give you a garment to wear (i.e. the caliphate), so if the hypocrites want you to shed it, do not shed it until you meet me.” 1- Caliphate Term of office start Hijri 29 Dhul-Hijjah, 23 Term of office end Hijri 18 Dhul-Hijjah, 35 Term of office start Gregorian 6 November, 644 Term of office end Gregorian 17 June, 656 Term of office 12 years Capital Medina Caliph’s allowance No allowance taken because he was wealthy 2- Biography Profile An elder statesman, natural leader and close to the Messenger ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ entered upon his daughter when she was washing the head of Uthman and he said: “O my daughter, take good care of Abu Abdullah, for he is the closest of my companions to me in attitude.” Period of the Caliphate Rightly Guided Caliphate Age 65 Tribe Quraysh (Banu Umayyah) Mandatory condition of Caliph: Strength of ideology Ashratul-Mubashireen (10 promised Jannah) It was narrated that ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn …
On the authority of Abdullah bin Bishr Al-Khathami from his father that he heard the Prophet ﷺ say: لَتُفْتَحَنَّ الْقُسْطَنْطِينِيَّةُ فَلَنِعْمَ الْأَمِيرُ أَمِيرُهَا وَلَنِعْمَ الْجَيْشُ ذَلِكَ الْجَيْشُ “You will open Constantinople, its Amir is a wonderful Amir, and its army is a wonderful army.” He said, Maslama ibn Abdul Malik called for me and asked me, so I mentioned the Hadith to him so he attempted to invade Constantinople. (Narrated by Ahmad. In Mujma’ Az-Zawaa’id, in its comment it states: “Narrated by Ahmad, Al-Bazzar, Al-Tabarani and its men are trustworthy…”)
by Ustadh Abu Yusuf European history and its long and bloody religious wars brought about the idea of secularism i.e. separating religion from life’s affairs. This audio lecture will show how their experience of religion shaped their view not only of Christianity but also Islam and how this idea of secularism has penetrated the Muslim mindset today.
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “If there was to be a Prophet after me, it would have been Umar bin Al-Khattab.”  1- Caliphate Term of office start Hijri 22 Jumādā al-Ūlā, 13 Term of office end Hijri 26 Dhul-Hijjah, 23 Term of office start Gregorian 23 August, 634 Term of office end Gregorian 3 November, 644 Term of office 10 years Capital Medina Caliph’s allowance 6000 dirhams 2- Biography Profile An elder statesman and right-hand man of the Prophet ﷺ. The shayateen used to run away from Umar, and he was the strong door holding back the fitna from the people. Period of the Caliphate Rightly Guided Caliphate Age 48 Tribe Quraysh (Banu ‘Adiy) Mandatory condition of Caliph: Strength of ideology Ashratul-Mubashireen (10 promised Jannah) Umar was nicknamed al-Farooq (the criterion) because he showed Islam openly in Makkah and through him Allah distinguished (farraqa) between disbelief and faith. Mandatory condition of Caliph: Capability to rule Ruling experience gained during Islamic State of the Prophet ﷺ: · Wazir (Highest government post after Caliph) · …
Abu Hurairah said: “By the One Whom there is no god but him, if Abu Bakr had not been appointed as Caliph then Allah would not have been worshipped.”