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“They desire to extinguish Allah’s Light with their mouths but Allah will perfect His Light, though the disbelievers hate it.”

The following is based on a translation of Dr Fadhel al Samarrai’s Tafseer of Surah Saff.

France’s Macron has issued a ‘republican values’ ultimatum to Muslim leaders, trying to force Muslims to deny Islam is a way of life containing solutions to all of life’s problems. He is also introducing identification numbers for Muslim children copying the Nazi policy which was applied to the Jews.

This verse makes it crystal clear that no matter how much they try, Allah’s light (guidance) cannot be extinguished and Allah will ensure the Islamic message prevails.

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France vs Islam

A podcast by Abu Yusuf

Charles-André Julien, a French historian wrote a very interesting article in 1940 for Foreign Affairs magazine. He wrote how the French failed to control their Muslim colonial possessions, unlike other non-Muslim possessions due to Islam.

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Cartoons, insults, and martyrs to ‘free speech’

DR ABDUL-WAHID

This article has been reproduced from Islam21c.com

France is mourning its latest victim to so-called ‘free speech’ as a ‘martyr’.

Of course, the family of the school teacher killed last week will be mourning their personal loss. But perhaps the protestors standing in ‘solidarity’ should be questioning whether this value is something that really deserves sanctifying.

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History of the Islamic State’s Institutions – Volume 1

Download History of the Islamic State’s Institutions – Volume 1

Introduction

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ established the first Islamic State in Medina with a distinct structure (ajhizaat) that continued with its main pillars until 1924. Although the styles (usloob) and means (waseelah) related to each of the institutions evolved over time, the hukm (rule) remained fixed. In the beginning the Prophet ﷺ took charge of most of these ajhizaat himself. As the state expanded, he ﷺ assigned different sahaba to specific roles.

The main elements (jihaz) of this structure must be implemented because they form a fixed method (tareeqa) and not simply optional subsidiary rules or styles (usloob) which change according to the circumstances.

As with all Islamic rules the general rules are specified in the Holy Qur’an and elaborated in the sunnah through the actions, sayings and silence of the Messenger ﷺ. Allah (Most High) says,

لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much.[1]

No value should be given to the words of Ali Abd ar-Raziq who was ex-communicated from Al-Azhar for his claim in 1925 that, “God has left the field of civil government and worldly interests for the exercise of human reason.”[2] Nor should value be given to modern day academics who make claims outside the well-established methodology of ijtihad and usul ul-fiqh, which clearly contradict the sunnah such as Abdelwahab El-Affendi who says, “the political authority which the Prophet established was a voluntary association,”[3] and “sharia can never be imposed.”[4]

After the death of the Prophet ﷺ the rightly guided Caliphs continued implementing this structure. Then after them the Umayyads, Abbasids and finally Ottomans all implemented Islam and the main pillars of the state until the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924.

As the state expanded and the complexities of ruling increased, various styles and means related to each institution were created. For example, the hukm in Islam is that the currency of the state must be gold and silver. In the beginning the Islamic State didn’t mint its own currency but used existing gold and silver coins (dinars and dirhams). It was during the Caliphate of Umar bin Al-Khattab that the state first minted its own coins. Similar examples can be seen throughout the institutions of the Islamic State.

There are a multitude of history books on Islam, the life of the Prophet ﷺ and the Islamic State. This book is not intended to repeat what has already been elaborated upon by the great scholars of Islam. Its purpose is simply to detail the institutions of the state during the different periods of Islamic history. It is hoped this will become a reference guide showing Muslims that this unique institution of the Caliphate (Khilafah) is not a theory based in books but was a practical reality for 1300 years.

This book is split in to a number of volumes each covering one aspect of the Islamic State’s history. The first volume deals with the Prophet ﷺ who established the first Islamic State in Medina and the Rightly Guided Caliphs after him. The Prophet ﷺ said, “The Khilafah in my Ummah will be for thirty years. Then there will be Mulk (kingdom) after that.”[6]

AK Newell

25 Dhuʻl-Hijjah, 1441 AH

15 Aug 2020


[1] Holy Qur’an, Surah Al-Ahzab, verse 21

[2] Albert Hourani, ‘Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798- 1939,’ Cambridge University Press, p.187

[3] Abdelwahab El-Affendi, ‘Who needs an Islamic State?,’ Second Edition, Malaysia Think Tank London, 2008, p. 60

[4] Ibid, p. 140

[5] Hizb ut-Tahrir, ‘Institutions of State in the Khilafah,’ translation of ‘Ajhizat Dawlat-al-Khilafah,’

[6] at-Tirmidhi 2226, https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/33/69

“Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive”

Allah (Most High) warns those who do oppression that they cannot escape justice, since He is أَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ “the most decisive of judges”,

وَسَيَعلَمُ الَّذينَ ظَلَموا أَيَّ مُنقَلَبٍ يَنقَلِبونَ

“Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive!” (Ash-Shu’araa, 26:227)

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Srebrenica: “The disbelievers support one another”

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ إِلَّا تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُنْ فِتْنَةٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَفَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ

“The disbelievers support one another. If you do not do the same, there will be persecution in the land and great corruption.” (Al-Anfaal, 8:73)

Europe allowed and actively supported the killing, rape and massacre of Muslims in Bosnia for one reason which was to prevent even the semblance of an Islamic authority emerging in the heart of Europe. It is this same reason which makes them turn a blind eye to the massacres in Syria, Palestine, Kashmir and China except for a few empty words.

The Serbs massacred over 8000 Muslims in July 1995 after the Dutch handed them the city. Video footage shows a smiling General Mladic handing wrapped gifts to a grateful Dutch commander Col. Tom Karremans. Later Col. Karremans was photographed toasting the Serb ‘victory’ with General Mladic in Potocari, a village just outside Srebrenica. In December 2006 these ‘peacekeepers’ were awarded medals for their role in the massacre.

During the Bosnian war of 1992-1995, French President Francois Mitterrand apparently told his US counterpart Bill Clinton that, despite having sent humanitarian aid to Bosnia, “he was more sympathetic to the Serbs than I was, and less willing to see a Muslim-led unified Bosnia”.

Only last year the current French President Emmanuel Macron told The Economist: “If you’re concerned about this region, the first question is neither Macedonia, nor Albania, it’s Bosnia-Herzegovina. The time-bomb that’s ticking right next to Croatia, and which faces the problem of returning jihadists, is Bosnia-Herzegovina.”

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson writing at the time of the massacre in 1995 said, “Alright, I say, the fate of Srebrenica was appalling. But they weren’t exactly angels, these Muslims.”

Allah (Most High) makes it clear that, وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ إِلَّا تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُنْ فِتْنَةٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَفَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ “The disbelievers support one another. If you do not do the same, there will be persecution in the land and great corruption.” (Al-Anfaal, 8:73)

Sayyid Qutb commenting on this verse says, ‘By nature, a jāhiliyyah society does not act as mere individuals. It behaves like a living entity whose organs move by nature to defend its existence and independence. Hence, the people in that society are, to all intents and purposes, friends and protectors of one another. Therefore, Islam must confront them as a society which demonstrates the same characteristics to a stronger and firmer degree.

Should the Muslims refrain from confronting them as a community whose individuals are united by mutual ties of loyalty and friendship, these Muslims would be subject to persecution by the jāhiliyyah society. They would not be able to resist that society since it moves against them as an integrated whole. Thus, jāhiliyyah would gain the upper hand against Islam, sovereignty would be given to human beings and people would be forced to submit themselves to other people. All this leads to much persecution and the worst type of corruption. “If you do not do the same, there will be persecution in the land and great corruption.”

This is a very serious warning. Muslims who do not establish their existence on the solid foundation of an active organization bound by a single loyalty and working under a single leadership shall have to answer to God for all the oppression and the corruption that results from their actions, in addition to what they suffer in their own lives as a result.’ (Sayyid Qutb, “In the Shade of the Qur’an,” Vol.7, p.179)

Srebrenica: “Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate”

وَلَا تَحْسَبَنَّ اللَّهَ غَافِلًا عَمَّا يَعْمَلُ الظَّالِمُونَ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ لِيَوْمٍ تَشْخَصُ فِيهِ الْأَبْصَارُ
مُهْطِعِينَ مُقْنِعِي رُءُوسِهِمْ لَا يَرْتَدُّ إِلَيْهِمْ طَرْفُهُمْ ۖ وَأَفْئِدَتُهُمْ هَوَاءٌ

“Do not consider Allah to be unaware of what the wrongdoers perpetrate. He is merely deferring them to a Day on which their sight will be transfixed, rushing headlong – heads back, eyes vacant, hearts hollow.” (Ibrahim, 14:42-43)

Muslims around the world are marking the 25th anniversary of the massacre in Srebrenica. At this sombre time it’s important to remember that this horrific event could only occur due to the absence of the Khilafat State. This is a state which protects those living under its authority, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, as the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ saidإِنَّمَا الإِمَامُ جُنَّةٌ “The Imam is a shield”.

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INFOGRAPHIC: Military Expeditions of the Prophet ﷺ

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ established the first Islamic State in Medina with a distinct structure (ajhizaat) that continued with its pillars until 1924. The main elements (jihaz) of this structure must be implemented because they are hukm shari and not styles (usloob) or means (waseela). We can see from the seerah how the Messenger ﷺ trained the sahaba in all aspects of ruling so they could continue on this method after his ﷺ death. The army is one of the jihaz or organisations of the state. The Messenger ﷺ was the commander-in-chief so he organised the army and appointed all its commanders. He ﷺ led many of the battles directly which are known as a ghazwa while also appointing commanders of other units known as a sariya. The graphics below provide an insight in to this organisation and some key observations will be made at the end.

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The Global Vision of the Early Muslims

BY ABU YUSUF

الٓمٓ  غُلِبَتِ ٱلرُّومُ

“Alif Lam Mim. The Romans have been defeated (Ar-Rum, 30:1-2)

Most commentators of the Qur’an when explaining this verse mention that the Muslims were hoping for the Romans to be victorious over the Persians, because the Romans were people of the Book whereas the Persians were mushrikeen like Quraish.

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